Incomplete Non-Grantor Trusts: A Tax Planning Tool

In recent years, estate planners and tax practitioners have been utilizing incomplete non-grantor trusts, or ING trusts, with increased frequency. The most common use of ING trusts has been to minimize state income taxes, but an often-overlooked aspect of ING trusts is their effectiveness as a tax planning tool at the federal level. ING trusts…
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A Tale of Two Charging Orders

Many practitioners think limiting creditors of an LLC member to a “charging order” is a panacea. Other practitioners think the benefits of charging orders are overblown. Who is correct? Can a member’s judgment creditor access LLC property? In addition to a recent case from the Alabama Supreme Court[1], two other recent cases illustrate how charging…
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Charging Orders – SE Property Holdings, LLC

What are the rights of a creditor to LLC interests to satisfy their claim? That question was at issue in a recent opinion from the Alabama Supreme Court.[1] In that case, the creditor received a “charging order” (discussed below) requiring that distributions from the LLC made to the debtor be instead transferred to the clerk…
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Corporate Transparency Act Update – Proposed Regulations

Josh Sage discussed the Corporate Transparency Act (“CTA”) in his January 2021 article,[1] and I wrote a follow-up summary last July.[2] The CTA requires certain U.S. businesses, absent an exemption, to file beneficial ownership information with the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (“FinCEN”). This could result in burdensome reporting obligations for those businesses. As I discussed…
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Crypto at ESA

Since we’re the cool, diamond-handed, trendy-loving, FUD(fear, uncertainty, and doubt)-crushing, FOMO(fear of missing out)-haters and at the same time professionals, now seems just as good of time as ever to discuss what we are doing at our firm to familiarize ourselves and become more competent in the ever-growing and evolving world of magic internet money,…
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What is your Business Worth? Buy-Sells and the Connelly Case

Is your business worth more to the IRS than it is to you? Will you owe estate tax on more value than you receive? A recent tax case illustrates how this is possible.[1] It is very common, even advisable, that closely-held business owners enter into buy-sell agreements limiting transferability of interests and setting forth procedures…
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MTC Project on State Taxation of Partnerships

The Multistate Tax Commission (“MTC”) has recently started its Project on State Taxation of Partnerships (“Project”).[1] The proposed scope of the Project is to consider a number of issues relating to state taxation of income associated with partnership income or partner income from the sale of partnership interests. Importantly, the Project is commencing on the…
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Original Characterization by Taxpayers Matters, Even When Reporting Improperly

In an ongoing breach of contract case,[1] in which the parties contested the treatment of certain transfers as either gifts or as compensation under a contract, the U.S. District Court of Arizona dismissed the portion of the plaintiff’s motion for summary judgment related to “gift tax damages” due to the fact that gift tax labilities…
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